The capital is home to nearly 700,000 people. Its population is larger than those of Wyoming and Vermont. D.C. residents serve in the U.S. military. Like all U.S. citizens, they pay taxes to the federal government.
But only Americans who live in a state get to elect members of the U.S. Senate. D.C. residents do elect one member to the U.S. House of Representatives, but that person isn’t allowed to vote on laws. So people who live in D.C. have no say in how their federal tax dollars are spent.
They say this is unfair, calling it “taxation without representation.” It’s the same rallying cry used by the colonists during the American Revolution (1775-1783).